Despite the evident progress in the sphere of human rights protection, law-enforcement mechanisms of the Republic of Kazakhstan need significant adjustment.
Human rights have not yet become the absolute priority of governmental policy and the activity of governmental authorities. So far, in the country there is no adequate understanding and coordination of the activities of all branches of authority with regard to the security and protection of human rights and freedoms. The recommendations and measures suggested in the National Plan are aimed at the improvement of legislative, institutional, and control mechanisms in the sphere of human rights. It is necessary to use more fully the law-enforcement potential of institutions of civil society, to give detailed attention to the role of legal education and the formation of a socially active individual able to protect his rights and to require of other participants of legal relationships (first of all of governmental authorities and their officials) the adequate attitude toward his rights and obligations.
Implementation of the measures of the National Plan will contribute to the cultivation of a developed human rights culture in society and to the development of effective methods of interaction between governmental authorities, NGOs, and other participants during the course of implementation of the approved recommendations.
During the course of improvement of the national legislation of the country it is necessary to create all necessary conditions for the full involvement of representatives of civil society in the discussion of draft laws and other legislation related to human rights and freedoms.
The practicality and magnitude of the work done on the National Plan includes the fact that it may become not only the necessary starting line from which begins the development of the goals and objectives of the new Concept of Legal Development of Kazakhstan, but also a criteria for the success of subsequent measures for the improvement of the mechanisms of security and protection of human rights and freedoms.
In the course of preparation of the National Plan, the experts sought to consider international experience to the fullest extent possible, in particular the experience of the development of a National Plan in Lithuania, Sweden, Australia, Spain, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Indonesia, Singapore, and the Philippines.
The work group under the coordinating role of the Human Rights Commission under the President of RK had an opportunity to discuss the intermediate results of their work in the round table format. It is necessary to note the constructive viewpoints of all participants of the project which, in the framework of intensive dialogue, allowed the overall assessment of the situation and the elaboration of recommendations on improvement of law-enforcement practices aimed at the practical implementation of the constitutional postulate of the highest value of the human and his life, rights and freedoms.
One of the results of the implementation of the National Plan may be the development of optimal methods of interaction between legislative, executive, judicial and non-judicial, supervisory, and public agencies in the uniform rhythm of governmental and legal life. It may possibly become the primary achievement of the National Plan.
The National Plan will allow uniting of the efforts of governmental authorities and non-governmental and international organizations in the realization of a uniform strategy and the development of general approaches and methods to legally regulating of relationships between the authorities and the opposition.
In addition, implementation of the National Plan should be oriented at the achievement of the following results:
- Implementation of international standards for human rights in the national legislation and law-enforcement practices;
- Improvement of governmental and public mechanisms for the protection of human rights;
- Consolidation of non-judicial human rights institutions including the institution of Ombudsman;
- Development of institutions of civil society and their interaction with the governmental authorities;
- Provision of effective protection of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of the human and citizen;
- Implementation of a special program for security of the rights of socially vulnerable sections of the population;
- Ensuring of the transparency of the activities of governmental authorities and institutions of civil society;
- Achievement of a high level of public awareness of commonly acknowledged human rights standards and of their value for each individual and society as a whole (human rights education);
- Enhancement of the legal culture of the population;
- Reduction of the risks of social tension and potential social conflicts.
Eventually, the implementation of the National Human Rights Action Plan will make it possible for Kazakhstan to achieve further success in the formation of a legal government, the strengthening of governmental and public mechanisms for human rights protection, and the establishment of a developed civil society at the level of commonly acknowledged international standards.
The work group for the National Human Rights Action Plan expresses gratitude to the UN Development Program in Kazakhstan, to the office of the UN Development Program in Bratislava, the OSCE ODIHR, governmental authorities and non-governmental organizations of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Association of Sociologists of Kazakhstan, other institutes of civil society of Kazakhstan, international organizations accredited in Kazakhstan (the OSCE Center in Astana, the UNESCO Cluster Office in Almaty, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the International Organization for Migration, the UN Children’s Fund in Kazakhstan (UNICEF), the Representative Office of the European Commission in Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic and the Tajik Republic, the Representative Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in Central Asia, Embassies of Great Britain, United States of America, the Netherlands, Canada, Russia, Germany, Lithuanian Republic, Czech Republic, and Slovak Republic in Kazakhstan as well as to the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Justice of Lithuania, the Development of International Cooperation, Integration and Gender Equality of Sweden, and the faculty of law of Saint-Petersburg State University for materials provided which were used in the preparation of this National Plan.