Rights of Individuals with Limitations (Disabled)
The security of the basic rights of the disabled and the creation of equal opportunities for public life is one of the functions of the social state.
The relevance of this issue is related not only to the great number of disabled individuals in the country, but also to significant changes in interpretation of disability and new approaches to the arrangement of the social protection of individuals with limitations.
According to international standards, disability implies not only functional inadequacy and limitation of opportunities, but is characterized by failure to interact with the environment and public conditions. It hinders the human in the fulfillment of his/her social role and causes discrepancy between the actual capabilities of the human and those capabilities that could be expected at his/her age under normal conditions with education, culture, and professionalism available.
This approach to the interpretation of disability allows the determination of activities and methods which would compensate or replace for the disabled the lost vital activity and would create an opportunity to exercise basic human rights.
According to data of January 1, 2009, the number of disabled people in the Republic of Kazakhstan amounts to 466,300 people (or 3% of the total population), nearly 10% (43,100) of which are children.
- Medical and Social Examination and Ascertainment of Disability
- Legislative Base for Social Protection of Disabled Individuals
- Social Protection System of the Disabled
- Creation of Equal Opportunities and Security of Civil and Political Rights of the Disabled
- Involvement of NGOs and Use of Opportunities of Civil Society