Women’s Rights in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan confirms the ongoing policy aimed at achieving full equality for women and men, and overcoming the persistent discrimination against women. Ensuring socio-economic and physical security of women, respecting human rights and freedoms, eliminating violence and discrimination of all kinds, as well as empowering women are the most important priorities for the development of states.
These objectives could be achieved through the implementation of a comprehensive national policy with regard to family, equality of women and men in the context of the Strategy of Accelerated Development till 2030, Gender Equality Strategy of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2006-2016 and international treaties on family and gender equality, which Kazakhstan is a party to.
The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of November 16, 2012 No. 50-V ratified the ILO Convention concerning Equal Treatment and Equal Opportunities for Men and Women Workers: Workers with Family Responsibilities.
In December 2009, Kazakhstan adopted the Law on State Guarantees of Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities for Men and Women and on the Prevention of Domestic Violence.
The principle of equality of men and women was included in the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan and all applicable laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
All the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan are aimed at establishing equality between men and women. Special measures are aimed at the protection of maternity, paternity and childhood; protection of women in connection with pregnancy and childbirth; increase of life expectancy of men; protection of women in the criminal, criminal procedure and criminal-executive legislation.
The Law on Crime Prevention adopted in 2010 according to the Interior Ministry enabled creating a multi-level system of crime prevention through the use of general preventive, special and individual measures.
The Interdepartmental Commission at the Government established in December 2010 for crime prevention allowed for inter-agency coordination to combat offenses and holding performance analysis in this field. The dynamic implementation of legislation to combat discrimination and violence displays the growth of discovered crimes that were previously treated latent that hindered their detection, prosecution and punishment.
Gender equality in legal proceedings is ensured through basic principles of proceedings that is the precise compliance with the requirements of laws by courts both with respect to women and men; decisions and actions to avoid humiliating or degrading treatment of the persons involved in the process; equality of all before law and court; contentiousness and equality of parties; openness, publicity and transparency of proceedings, and safety of parties.
However, the administrative or criminal proceedings provide the rules that improve the status of women.
For example, in accordance with Article 55 of the Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Administrative Offences administrative detention may not be applied to pregnant women and women with children under the age of fourteen years. According to Article 61 of the Code of Administrative Offenses any offense committed by a pregnant woman or a woman with a child under the age of three years shall be deemed a mitigating circumstance.
In accordance with Articles 48 and 49 of the Criminal Code such extreme measure of punishment as life imprisonment and death penalty shall not be imposed on women.
Kazakhstan supports the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 and stresses the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and peacebuilding, their equal and comprehensive involvement in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security.
Kazakhstan believes that the UN is a key body in the uniting together international, regional and national efforts in this field.
The structure of UN Women founded in summer of 2010 was a landmark in the institutional reinforcing and reforming the UN gender architecture. In October 2010, Kazakhstan was elected to the Executive Council of this structure for 2013-2015.